Gentrification


Background


Gentrification- is a process of making an urban neighborhood from low-income renter-occupied to a middle-class owner-occupied area. This means that people who don't make enough money get kicked out the area and replaced by people who are in the middle class. This also means that the area starts to become fairly expensive to live in because the middle class population pushes up the rent.

How it influences human activity/decision

This influences human activity and or decisions because many people become very unstable and so does the community. In Harlem it has been transformed into a low-cost housing area to high-cost or ownership housing area. Now the average apartment is now more than $1,700. This influences people because now the people who live in Harlem in a low-cost house now have to find a new place to live. Gentrification also has attracted middle-class families to places they would never live. For example some pull factors are larger houses, better constructed, and cheaper than the suburbs. Here's an example of the prices that an apartment in Bushwick goes for : 101 Wyckoff Avenue
Bushwick, Brooklyn, NY 11237

bushwickapt.jpg
$2,300
  • 1 Bedroom
  • 2 Bathrooms
  • 932 Sq. Ft.
3.0 Rooms
People who can afford this apartment are middle class white single or white couples. Plus the single or couple won't have children. This is because one there is only one bedroom and on top of that the rent is expensive. So a family would most likely look for a 3 bedroom apartment at a reasonable rental cost.


pie_chart_of_races.png This pie chart represents the majority of people living in Bushwick area code of 11221. As you can see Black alone makes up more than half of the population in Bushwick. Then the second highest is Hispanic. Then the smallest is white alone. When gentrification takes place then the chart completely flips. White alone becomes more than half of the population and Blacks and Hispanics become the second and the smallest part of the chart. Although whites aren't the majority there gentrification is taking place and their numbers are increasing.

Research in Bushwick:
During my research my class had took two community walks. These walks to see if our topic plays a role on Bushwick had once been a place full of low income housing, a former Bushwick resident said it herself that Bushwick went from really ghetto to developed. Bushwick has 3 major races in it Puerto Rican, Dominican, and Black. Since Gentrification has taken place the majority of these minorities are leaving Caucasians who are middle-class are now moving in. In Bushwick today it is $2,300 for a one bedroom and two bathroom condo. On Troutman street there is an apartment $2,100 for a two bedroom one bath. However on www.citynoise.org it says that Troutman was the worst place to live. It was where you got robbed and they said that all teens thought it was cool to be pregnant and catch a std. All they were good for was selling drugs and all they can afford today is a pair of jordan sneakers. Now today you have 4 bedroom and 1 bath apartments renting at 1,675. Gentrification has lead to the majority of blacks leaving. Gentrification is a legal way to kicking out a person from their house its like the prices kick you out. Not everyone has been gentrification but it is slowly becoming a problem and many have protested against gentrification.
bushwick_gentrification.jpg This picture basically means that hey all you rich white people die. Bushwick will kill you, like your not welcomed here. This is hateful but then again you have to think that mainly Black and Hispanic poor or lower class families live in the Bushwick area. Then you have middle class White people coming in raising the prices of the housing forcing the majority of the Blacks and Hispanics to move. In an article I read from the year of 1994 most of the residents were Italian. These Italians were all along the area of Hart Street. They started to move out in the large masses in the late 1970's. Now current day Bushwick Hart street is losing its Italian influences and is becoming an area full of Filipinos, Indians, and Asians.
black_map.png
black_key.png



This map represents the number of black people living in the bushwick area. From the key you can see that the darker the orange the greater amount of black live in the area. As you can see Bushwick has about 50-75% of blacks living in the area.
hispanic_map.png
hispanic_key.png



This map shows the number of Hispanics that live in the Bushwick area. As you can see about 75-90% of the population in Bushwick are Hispanics. This proves the pie chart above correct that most of the population in 11221 are the minority.

external image iwir7a.png



external image ad12eo.png


This map represents the number of white people who live in the Bushwick area. As you can see none or very very low percentage of people live in the Bushwick area. This is proves that the majority of Bushwick is residence to Hispanics and Blacks.




Vacant_land_smaller.jpg
This map represents all the land that vacant in the year of 2003. In 2008 this is land that is still vacant. In the 1977 Bushwick was burnt down. In 2003 most of the land that was burned down and was not build on. Then in the year 2008 most of the land is still vacant yet most was built on.


Predictions
In the year 2010 I predict that the whole population of the 11221 will be mainly cacuasians. I believe this will happen because gentrification is slowly bring its way into Bushwick. However many people in the Bushwick area are against gentrification.

Conclusion
My conclusion of the Bushwick area after gentrification takes place is it will be home to middle class families. I also think that all the old residents will be forced to move out and find another place to call home. I feel as if this is unfair because people get attached to their homes yet they are forced to leave. I do think that this will help Bushwick though, it will make it more diverse. Also I think that Bushwick will become a better community after the gentrification.

References
Rubenstein, James. The Cultural Landscape An Introduction into Human Geography . 9. Upper Saddle River , NJ: Pearson , 2008
"NYC 2000." Social Explorer. June082009. 8 Jun 2009 <http://www.socialexplorer.com/pub/maps/map3.aspx?g=1&animation=true>.
"My House in Bushwick." City Noise. 9 Jun 2009 <http://citynoise.org/article/646>.
"Real Estate ." New York Times. 9 Jun 2009 <http://realestate.nytimes.com/sales/bushwick-brooklyn-ny-usa>.